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bim技能考试:BIM技术在运维阶段的应用有哪些

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发表于 2019-4-1 16:19:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  (1)纪录建模

  此执行作业的重点在工程项目整体空间内设施设备履历数据的建置与维护,这是贯穿建筑物整个生命周期,从所有设施设备安置在此建物空间内开始,于虚空间建置其与实体尽可能详尽而同步的履历信息,这个信息对建筑物冗长的营运维护应用非常重要。这个纪录模型,至少应包含建筑物主体和其中之MEP元组件的相关信息。纪录模型需随着建筑物实体空间的动态情况而不断地更新和改进,以及储存更多关联信息。

  (2)建筑物(预防)维护进程表

  建筑物在漫长的营运使用期间,其结构体与内部之设施设备皆各有其耐用年限,或因空间运用与布局之需求演变,或天然灾害造成破坏等等,建物局部的维护修理,以及修建、改建、增建等行为会不断发生,有些维修是即刻需要的,有些则视营运规划、财务情况、设施设备耐用年限、使用频率等各种考虑,据以制定短中长期的「建筑物(预防)维护进程表」。以BIM模型配合纪录模型之设施设备履历信息,能精准拟订高质量与降低维护成本的计划。整个维护计划应包括建筑结构体(墙壁、地板、屋顶、油漆等)和建筑物服务设备(机械、电气、水暖等)等设施。

  (3)建筑物系统分析

  建筑物在营运期间,设施设备常安装特殊的遥测传感器材,以记录其实际运作性能,搜集这些纪录数据供分析。现代智能型建筑或绿能建筑多有这类设计与施作,形成建筑物系统。本项作业之目标即在确保建筑物能符合特定设计和永续性的标准规范而正常运作,并藉运作机会修改系统操作,以提高性能。

  (4)资产管理

  以BIM协助组织进行建筑设施设备之资产管理作业,这些资产是整个实体建筑物、系统、周边环境、设施设备的统称,必须考虑适当且最低的成本,而在满足业主和执行作业者要求的效能下持续地新增、维护、使用、更新、报废等。它能协助财务决策,以及短中长期规划。资产管理作业可利用纪录模型中包含的数据,以确定建筑资产要置换或更新对成本方面的影响,考虑财政税收的目的,以行拆除报废资产的成本考虑,并维护目前可以产出对公司资产价值的综合数据库。

  (5)空间管理和追踪

  以BIM协助营运单位对建筑物,在冗长的营运期间,空间使用的异动,并做有效的调度与管控。BIM模型将允许该设施管理团队分析现有的空间执行作业和妥善管理客户的变动信息,以及空间的利用最适化,以及未来跨越整个设施生命周期中的异动情形,空间管理和追踪是纪录模型信息的一种应用。

  (6)防灾规划

  BIM执行团队进行本作业,可以让灾害救援人员从建筑信息模型和信息系统的可视化形式中获得紧急救难关键信息的一个过程。BIM模型将提供救援人员关键的建筑信息,提高反应效率和减少安全风险。BIM技术可提供给警察、消防、公共安全官员,和第一时间抢救人员能实时存取关键的建筑物信息,提高紧急反应的有效性,让救难人员的救援风险达到最小。
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Peace be to this house

Peace be unto you. What think ye of Christ? whose Son is He?

answer from the Bible:
God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. (1 Timothy 3:16).
This is the true God, and eternal life. (1 John 5:20)
Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. (Matthew 1:23)
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6)
And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people.
And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and throughout all the region round about.(Luke 7:16,17)
And he that seeth Me seeth Him that sent Me.  (John 12:45)
he that receiveth Me receiveth Him that sent Me. (John 13:20)
the word which ye hear is not Mine, but the Father's which sent Me. (John 14:24)

What to do?
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth My word, and believeth on Him that sent Me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. (John 5:24)
Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?
Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent. (John 6:28,29)
And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?
And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. (Acts of the Apostles 16:30,31)
But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?
And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!
For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother. (Matthew 12:48-50)
And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day. (John 6:39,40)
And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day. (John 6:39,40)
Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you. (Philippians 4:9)


What's next?
And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come. (Matthew 24:14)
He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. (Mark 16:16)

The Second Coming of Jesus Christ:
Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. (Acts of the Apostles 1:11)
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come… (Acts of the Apostles 2:20)
And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. (Matthew 24:30,31)
For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first… (1 Thessalonians 4:16)
And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. (Acts of the Apostles 24:15)
And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. (Daniel 12:2,3)
But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.(Daniel 12:13)

When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:
And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:
And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink?
When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee?
Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.
Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink:
I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.
Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?
Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me.
And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal. (Matthew 25:31-46)
And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.
He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. (John 12:47,48)

For whom it is written:
Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?
And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season?
Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath.
But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.(Luke 12:41-46)

Eyewitness accounts:
For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. (2 Peter 1:16)
For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.
After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. (1 Corinthians 15:3-7)
Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word… (Luke 1:2)

The prayer of Jesus Christ:
I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. (John 17:9)
I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil. (John 17:15)
Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word… (John 17:20)

Why is important?
For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil. (1 Peter 3:12)

Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown. (Revelation 3:11)

Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name. (John 20:29-31)

Because Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. (Matthew 4:4)
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